A Indústria

As corporações de biotecnologia e sementes nunca pararam de desenvolver a tecnologia Terminator. A Delta & Pine Land está testando o Terminator em estufas nos Estados Unidos, publicamente tem prometido comercializar a tecnologia e está promovendo o Terminator de forma agressiva. Em 1999, a Monsanto e a AstraZeneca (atualmente Syngenta), publicamente afirmaram que não utilizariam o Terminator – mas a Syngenta continua a obter novas patentes de Terminator, e parece que a Monsanto está sofrendo de amnésia corporativa.

Monsanto has rewritten it pledge not to commercialize Terminator (February 21, 2006):

In 1999, Monsanto said, "we are making a public commitment not to commercialize sterile seed technologies, such as the one dubbed ‘Terminator.’" Now Monsanto says, "Monsanto made a commitment not to commercialize sterile-seed technologies in food crops. It continues to stand by that commitment today, but Monsanto people constantly reevaluate this stance as technology develops."(emphasis added) Like all corporate committments, Monsanto's cannot be trusted. We now see Monsanto stating publically its new stance on Terminator.

Biotechnology and seed corporations never stopped developing Terminator technologies. Delta & Pine Land is testing Terminator in greenhouses in the US, has publicly vowed to commercialize the technology and is aggressively promoting Terminator. In 1999, Monsanto and AstraZeneca (now Syngenta) both publicly stated that they would not use Terminator - but Syngenta continues to win new patents on Terminator, and Monsanto appears to be suffering from corporate amnesia.

“We’ve continued right on with work on the Technology Protection System [Terminator]. We never really slowed down. We’re on target, moving ahead to commercialize it. We never really backed off.” – Harry Collins, Delta & Pine Land, 2000 (from Agra/Industrial Biotechnology Legal Letter).

Monsanto's current pro-Terminator position came to light in 2003 when the International Seed Federation (ISF) released a position paper on Terminator or GURTs (genetic use restriction technology - the scientific name for Terminator) that defends its supposed potential benefits and extols the theoretical virtues of Terminator for small farmers and Indigenous peoples. The paper was co-authored by Roger Krueger, Seed Quality and Policy Lead at Monsanto and Harry Collins of Delta & Pine Land.

“Once developed, we intend licensing of this technology to be widely available to other seed companies,” – Delta & Pine Land, August 31, 2004

It is clear that we cannot rely on the goodwill of multinational corporations not to develop Terminator. Terminator technology will become a commercial reality unless governments take action to ban genetic seed sterilization.

The top 10 seed companies now control half of the world’s commercial seed sales.

World’s Top 10 Seed Companies (US millions), 2004

1. Monsanto* (includes Seminis) $2,803
2. Dupont* $2600
3. Syngenta* $1239
4. Limagrain $1044
5. KWS $622
6. Land O’Lakes $538
7. Sakata $416
8. Bayer $387
9. Takii $366
10. DLF-Trifolium $320

Source: ETC Group, September 2005, “Global Seed Industry Concentration – 2005”, ETC Communiqué, September/October 2005 - ETC Group / www.etcgroup.org

• List of patents on Terminator - updated October 2005 ( pdf)
•Delta & Pine Land’s 2005 promotional brochure on Terminator ( text only)
( pdf high resolution 4MB) ( pdf low resolution 0.5MB)
International Seed Federation’s position paper on Terminator (revised, June, 2003)

Links:

Corporate Watch UK www.corporatewatch.org.uk
CorpWatch www.corpwatch.org
ETC group www.etcgroup.org
Pesticide Action Network North America, Corporate Accountability and Industrial Agriculture www.panna.org/campaigns/caia.html